Analysis of September 1913
Yeats is portraying merchant class as greedy when he says, "fumble in a greasy till" because a till can be a cash register. He carries on this and says "add the halfpence to pence" because a halfpence and pence is a form of money. which shows that they are concerned with even the smallest of change.He then uses a line "dried the marrow from the bone”. This is symbolism for the Sellers taking away the courage out of Ireland because all they care about is money.Yeats then says, "romantic Ireland's dead and gone, It’s with O’Leary in the grave". This means that the way Ireland used to be, died with the old Irish heroes or the people old Ireland used to look up to.
In Stanza two he refers to “the names that stilled your childish play” which means that these kids even knew there names. then it says "they have gone about the world like wind”. Which means that there name are know all over the world. Yeats then says they" had little time to pray" so they were busy doing what they were doing to do anything else that was important in there life. Then it says "For whom the hangman's rope is already spun" This could mean that know matter what this is done and there is no going back. Then it says "and what god help us could they save?'
It states that these people couldn't save anything even if they tried.
In the change between stanza two and stanza three, there is a shift in focus. In stanza one he was talking about the merchants but in stanza three he refers to the These men like heroes which were heroes in old Ireland. IT states that For the wild geese spread there grey wings upon every tide. Which could mean that these people are leaving Ireland at every opportunity. Then it says for all this the blood was shed for Edward Fitzgerald died and the other heroes. which means while many people were leaving these people where dieing.After it says All the delirium of the brave? delirium means a more or less temporary disorder of the mental faculties, as in fevers, disturbances of consciousness, or intoxication, characterized by restlessness, excitement, delusions, hallucinations which could in turn means that all these heroes don't know what they were fighting for anymore. then it states again Romantic Ireland dead and gone its with O'Leary in the grave. Stressing the importance by repetition.
The first line of the last stanza says "Yet could we turn the years again, and call those exiles as they were in all loneliness and pain," it says all is done and only they could wish that they could turn back time and change things
"You'd cry some yellow hair had maddened every mother son" Here he could be referring to his life long love Maud Gone because when he left to America she got married and he might be taking out his anger of her calling her a prostitute because Back then yellow was always referred to prostitutes. Then we get to the two last lines they weighted so lightly gave but let them be there dead and gone there with O'Leary in the grave. this means that this people that gave there life in the revolution weighted there life so lightly that they gave it away for nothing. that they gave little regards to there precious life. And that there consequence was to be in the grave with O'Leary.